Juniar Ayuning Wigiyandiaz, Martalena Br. Purba, Retna Siwi Padmawati
| Abstract views: 402 | views: 312


The risk of diabetes will increase when there was any diabetes family history. The study aimed to determine the relationship of having diabetes family history with diet and physical activity among late adolescents. This study also determines the factors that influence diet and physical activity. This study was a mixed-method, which was done in two phases, quantitative followed by a qualitative study. Fifty late-adolescent (18-24 years old) involved in the quantitative study, and fourteen late-adolescent involved in the qualitative study. The subject for the quantitative study was a family member of the Chronic Disease Program in (Prolanis) in Puskesmas study area. The selection of fourteen subjects for qualitative study was proportionally based on variations arise from the quantitative study. The study showed that there was no significant association between life with diabetes family members in one home or not with diet and physical activity (p = 0,310 dan p = 0,297). Nor was there any association between having diabetes family history from first or second relatives degree with diet and physical activity (p = 0,276 dan p = 0,547). There was 92 percent of respondents had low fiber, high fat, and high sugar diet. This study found that factors influenced diet and physical activity were perceive susceptibility, perceived benefit, perceived barrier, and self-efficacy. There was no association between having diabetes family history with diet and physical activity. Support from family, friends, work environment or campus is needed to establish a healthy diet and physical activity, to prevent diabetes.


Riwayat keluarga dengan diabetes dapat meningkatkan risiko seseorang mengalami diabetes. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan memiliki riwayat keluarga diabetes dengan pola makan dan aktivitas fisik remaja akhir, serta mengetahui faktor-faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi pola makan dan aktivitas fisik tersebut. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian mixed method yang dilakukan dalam dua tahap, yaitu penelitian kuantitatif diikuti penelitian kualitatif. Sebanyak lima puluh remaja akhir (usia 18-24 tahun) terlibat dalam penelitian kuantitatif, dan empat belas remaja akhir terlibat dalam penelitian kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tidak terdapat hubungan signifikan antara tinggal satu rumah dan tidak satu rumah dengan anggota keluarga penyandang diabetes terhadap pola makan dan aktivitas fisik (p= 0,310 dan p= 0,297). Tidak pula terdapat hubungan antara memiliki riwayat keluarga diabetes dari keluarga inti atau keluarga besar terhadap pola makan dan aktivitas fisik (p = 0,276 dan p = 0,547). Hasil penelitian juga menemukan bahwa faktor yang mempengaruhi pola makan dan aktivitas fisik antar lain persepsi kerentanan, persepsi manfaat, persepsi hambatan, serta kemampuan diri. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini bahwa tidak terdapat hubungan antara memiliki riwayat keluarga diabetes terhadap pola makan dan aktivitas fisik remaja akhir yang memiliki riwayat keluarga diabetes. Dukungan dari keluarga, pertemanan, lingkungan kerja atau kampus diperlukan untuk membentuk pola makan dan aktivitas fisik yang sehat, untuk mencegah diabetes.


diabetes; family history; late-adolescence; diet; physical activity; diabetes; riwayat keluarga; remaja akhir; pola makan; aktivitas fisik

Full Text:



Soelistijo SA, Novida H, Rudijanto A, Soewondo P, Suastika K, Manaf A, et al. Konsesus Pengelolaan dan Pencegahan Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 di Indonesia 2015. Pengurus Besar Perkumpulan Endokrinologi Indonesia (PB Perkeni). Jakarta; 2015.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia (Kemenkes RI). Riset Kesehatan Dasar. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI; 2013.

Badan Pusat Statistik. Profil Statistik Kesehatan 2019. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik; 2019.

Newman BM, Newman PR. Development Through Life: A Psychosocial Approach. Thirteen Edition. Boston: Cengage Learning; 2017.

Glanz K, Rimer BK, Viswanath K. Health Behaviour and Health Education. Fourth Edition. Health Education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass; 2008.

Amuta AO, Jacobs W, Barry AE. An Examination of Family, Healthcare Professionals, and Peer Advice on Physical Activity Behaviors Among Adolescents at High Risk for Type 2 Diabetes. Health Communication. 2017;32(7):85763. crossref.

Ekawidyani KR, Karimah I, Setiawan B, Khomsan A. Parents Characteristics, Food Habits and Physical Activity of Overweight Schoolchildren In Bogor City, Indonesia. Diversity and Change in Food Wellbeing. 2018;5(1):17794. crossref.

Pelletier JE, Graham DJ, Laska MN. Social Norms and Dietary Behaviors among Young Adults. American Journal of Healthy Behavior. 2014;38(1):14452. crossref.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia (Kemenkes RI). Situasi dan Analisis Diabetes. Jakarta: Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan RI; 2014.

Vos MB, Kaar JL, Welsh JA, Van Horn L V., Feig DI, Anderson CAM, et al. Added Sugars and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Children: A Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2017;135(19):101734. crossref.

International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Guidelines for Data Processing and Analysis of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire ( IPAQ ) Short and Long Forms. IPAQ; 2005.

Kourouniotis S, Keast RSJ, Riddell LJ, Lacy K, Thorpe MG, Cicerale S. The Importance of Taste on Dietary Choice, Behaviour and Intake in a Group of Young Adults. Appetite. 2016;103(1):17. crossref.

Lee LT, Willig AL, Agne AA, Locher JL, Cherrington AL. Challenges to Healthy Eating Practices: A Qualitative Study of Non-Hispanic Black Men Living With Diabetes. Diabetes Education. 2016;42(3):32535. crossref.

Taylor EE. Adolescents Food Choices and Its Impact on Their Health Status (A Case of Students in Dadease Agricultural Senior High Schools In Effiduase District). Doctoral Dissertation, University of Education, Winneba; 2017.

Santoso SO, Janeta A, Kristanti M, Perhotelan PM, Manajemen PS, Petra UK, et al. Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Pemilihan Makanan Pada Remaja Di Surabaya. Jurnal Hospitality dan Manajemen Jasa. 2018;6(1).

Prakasam L. Assessment of HbA1C of Adult Hispanics with Type 2 Diabetes in a Family-Centered Nutritional Class. Brandman, California; 2017.

Amuta AO, Mkuu R, Jacobs W, Barry AE. Number and Severity of Type 2 Diabetes among Family Members are Associated with Nutrition and Physical Activity Behaviors. Front Public Health. 2017;5(1):15763. crossref.

Yang K, Baniak LM, Imes CC, Choi J, Chasens ER. Perceived Versus Actual Risk of Type 2 Diabetes by Race and Ethnicity. Diabetes Education. 2018; 25 (4). crossref.

Darmon N, Drewnowski A. Contribution of Food Prices and Diet Cost to Socioeconomic Disparities in Diet Quality and Health: A Systematic Review and Analysis. Nutrition Review. 2015;73(10):64360. crossref.

Triratnawati A. Makna Susu Bagi Konsumen Mahasiswa di Kafe Susu di Yogyakarta?: Antara Gizi dan Gengsi. Jurnal Kesehatan Indonesia. 2017;14(1):2735.

Hillier-Brown FC, Summerbell CD, Moore HJ, Routen A, Lake AA, Adams J, et al. The Impact of Interventions to Promote Healthier Ready-to-eat Meals (to eat in, to take away or to be delivered) Sold by Specific Food Outlets Open to the General Public: A Systematic Review. Obesity Review. 2017;18(2):22746. crossref.

Seguin R, Connor L, Nelson M. Understanding Barriers and Facilitators to Healthy Eating and Active Living in Rural Communities. Journal of Nutrition 2014; 35(2): 2325. crossref.

Samuel-Hodge CD, Holder-Cooper JC, Gizlice Z, Davis G, Steele SP, Keyserling TC, et al. Family Partners in Lifestyle Support (PALS): Family-Based Weight Loss for African American Adults with Type 2 Diabetes. Obesity. 2017;25(1):4555. crossref.

Martins J, Marques A, Sarmento H, Carreiro da Costa F. Adolescents Perspectives on the Barriers and Facilitators of Physical Activity: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Studies. Health Education Research 2015, 30(5): 742755. crossref.

Dimyati A. Materi Penyuluhan Tentang Sosialisasi Program Gerakan Masyarakat Hidup Sehat (Germas). Universitas Bandar Lampung. Bandar Lampung; 2017. 120 p.

George KS, Roberts CB, Beasley S, Fox M, Rashied-Henry K. Our Health is in Our Hands: A Social Marketing Campaign to Combat Obesity and Diabetes. American Journal of Health Promotion. 2016;30(4):2836. crossref.

Copyright (c) 2020 GIZI INDONESIA


  • There are currently no refbacks.