POLA ASUH AKTIVITAS FISIK TERHADAP RISIKO KEJADIAN GIZI LEBIH PADA ANAK PRASEKOLAH DI KECAMATAN NGESREP DAN TEMBALANG, SEMARANG
The preschool period is identified as a critical period for the development of childhood overweight. Physical activity and food intake are factors that affect nutritional status. Physical activity of preschool children is affected by parents through physical activity parenting. The objective of this study was to analyze the impact of physical activity parenting practice among overweight preschool children. This research was a case-control study with preschool children as the subjects. The total subject was 40 and divided into case and control groups. Case group were selected based on z-score and matched with sex in control group. Nutritional status was measured based on weight-for-height z-score (WHZ). Physical activity level was measured using the Preschool-Age Physical Activity Questionnaire (Pre-PAQ). Physical activity parenting practice was identified using the Preschooler Physical Activity Parenting Practice Questionnaire (PPAPP-Q). Food intake history was obtained using Semi Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQFFQ). Data were analyzed using Chi-square, Fisher's Exact, and Logistic Regression. Result showed that physical activity parenting practice (p=0,011) and physical activity (p=0,004) were risk factor of overweight among preschool children. Children with inactive physical activity were 7.66 times more likely to become overweight. Children with parents applied parenting practices discourage toward physical activity were 6.16 times more likely to become overweight. Children need to always be active at least 120 minutes a day. Parents recommend to apply physical activity parenting to encourage them to be more active physically.
Brown JE, Isaacs JS. Nutrition through the life cycle. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning; 2011. 296-309 p.
Dinas Kesehatan Kota Semarang. Profil Kesehatan Kota Semarang. 2014;
Mccormick DP, Sarpong K, Jordan L, Ray LA, Jain S. Infant Obesity: Are We Ready to Make this Diagnosis? J Pediatr. 2010;157(1):15–19.
Kathleen L, Escott-Stum S. Krause’s, Food and Nutrition Therapy. 12th ed. Saunders Elsevier. St. Louis, Missouri; 2008. 223 p.
Ohlsson C, Lorentzon M, Norjavaara E, Kindblom JM. Age at Adiposity Rebound Is Associated with Fat Mass in Young Adult Males-The GOOD Study. PLoS One. 2012;7(11).
NASPE. Active start: A statement of physical activity guidelines for children birth to five years. Natl Assoc Sport Phys Educ Publ. 2009;
Loprinzi P, Trost S. Parental Influences on physical activity behavior in preschool children. Vol. 50, Preventive medicine. 2009. 129-133 p.
Vaughn A, Hales D, Ward DS. Measuring the Physical Activity Practices Used by Parents of Preschool Children. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2013 Dec;45(12):2369–2377.
Hendrie GA, Coveney J, Cox DN. Factor analysis shows association between family activity environment and children’s health behaviour. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2011;35(6):524–529.
O’Connor TM, Cerin E, Hughes SO, Robles J, Thompson DI, Mendoza JA, et al. Psychometrics of the preschooler physical activity parenting practices instrument among a Latino sample. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2014;11(1).
Dwyer GM, Hardy LL, Peat JK, Baur LA. The validity and reliability of a home environment preschool-age physical activity questionnaire (Pre-PAQ). Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2011;8(1):86.
Widyakarya Pangan dan Gizi VIII. (2004). Ketahanan pangan dan gizi di era otonomi daerah dan globalisasi. In Jakarta, 17-19 Mei 2004;
Gibson R. Principles of Nutritional Assessment. Ed, 2nd. New York, US: Oxford University Press; 2005. 208 p.
Skouteris H, McCabe M, Swinburn B, Hill B. Healthy eating and obesity prevention for preschoolers: A randomised controlled trial. BMC Public Health. 2010;10.
Jahari A. Penilaian Status Gizi Berdasarkan Antropometri. Bogor: Puslitbang Gizi dan Makanan; 2004.
Hesketh KD, Campbell KJ. Interventions to prevent obesity in 0-5 year olds: an updated systematic review of the literature. Obes (Silver Spring). 2010;18 Suppl 1(February):S27-35.
Abreu S. Dairy Products and Obesity in Children and Adolescents. In: Dairy in Human Health and Disease Across the Lifespan. Elsevier; 2017. p. 87–105.
Araujo AM de, Brandão SA de SM, Araújo MA da M, Frota K de MG, Moreira-Araujo RS dos R. Overweight and obesity in preschoolers: Prevalence and relation to food consumption. Rev Assoc Med Bras. 2017;63(2):124–133.
Reilly JJ. Physical activity, sedentary behaviour and energy balance in the preschool child: Opportunities for early obesity prevention. Proc Nutr Soc. 2008;67(3):317–325.
Hodges EA, Smith C, Tidwell S, Berry D. Promoting Physical Activity in Preschoolers to Prevent Obesity: A Review of the Literature. J Pediatr Nurs. 2013;28(1):3–19.
Carson V, Lee E-Y, Hewitt L, Jennings C, Hunter S, Kuzik N, et al. Systematic review of the relationships between physical activity and health indicators in the early years (0-4 years). BMC Public Health. 2017;17(S5):854.
McManus AM, Mellecker RR. Physical activity and obese children. J Sport Heal Sci. 2012;1(3):141–148.
Sothern MS. Obesity prevention in children: Physical activity and nutrition. Nutrition. 2004;20(7–8):704–708.
Cerin E, Baranowski T, Barnett A, Butte N, Hughes S, Lee RE, et al. Places where preschoolers are ( in ) active : an observational study on Latino preschoolers and their parents using objective measures. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2016;1–12.
Connor TMO, Cerin E, Lee RE, Parker N, Chen T, Hughes SO, et al. Environmental and cultural correlates of physical activity parenting practices among Latino parents with preschool-aged children : Niños Activos. 2014;14(1):1–9.
Tate EB, Shah A, Jones M, Pentz MA, Liao Y, Dunton GF. Toward a Better Understanding of the Link between Parent and Child Physical Activity Levels: The Moderating Role of Parental Encouragement. J Phys Act Health. 2015 Sep;12(9):1238–1244.
Benjamin SE, Haines J, Ball SC, Ward DS. Improving Nutrition and Physical Activity in Child Care: What Parents Recommend. J Am Diet Assoc. 2008;108(11):1907–1911.
Hannon JC, Brown BB. Increasing preschoolers’ physical activity intensities: An activity-friendly preschool playground intervention. Prev Med (Baltim). 2008;46(6):532–536.
Henderson KE, Grode GM, O’Connell ML, Schwartz MB. Environmental factors associated with physical activity in childcare centers. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2015;12(1):1–9.
Brown WH, Pfeiffer KA, Mciver KL, Dowda M, Addy CL, Pate RR. NIH Public Access. 2010;80(1):45–58.
Grant AM, Ferguson EL, Toafa V, Henry TE, Guthrie BE. Dietary Factors Are Not Associated with High Levels of Obesity in New Zealand Pacific Preschool Children 1. J Nutr. 2004;134:2561–2565.
Carson V, Hunter S, Kuzik N, Gray CE, Poitras VJ, Chaput J-P, et al. Systematic review of sedentary behaviour and health indicators in school-aged children and youth: an update 1. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2016;41(6):240–265.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2019 GIZI INDONESIA
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.