PENGARUH PEMBERIAN BUAH TERHADAP GEJALA DEPRESI, SUASANA HATI (MOOD) DAN VITALITAS PADA REMAJA PUTRI DI PONDOK PESANTREN ASSIDDIQIYAH

Asri Nur Latifah, Khairizka Citra Palupi, Mertien Sapang
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Abstract

Adolescence is the transition period of the development of physical and mental health that may induce depression. Being adolescent girls shows a higher risk of depression than adolescent men. Fruit consumption has been identified may alleviate depression. Thus we aim to investigate the effect of giving fruit consumption on depressive symptoms, mood, and vitality among adolescent girls. This research method uses Quantitative-Experiments with the control group. The treatment group was given two servings of fresh fruit/day for 14 days while the control group maintained a diet. The filling out of the questionnaire was done at night before going to bed. The total sample used in this study was 60 students. The result shows a significant decrease of depressive symptoms (p-value <0.05) at the pre-test and post-test of 14.47% among the treatment group. However, there was no difference in mood scores among the treatment group. There was a significant increase in post-test scores of vitality in the treatment group (p-value <0.05). In the independent statistical test, the sample t-test had a difference between depressive symptom scores (p-value <0.01) and mood (p-value <0.05) in both groups. In conclusion, giving fruit may alleviate symptoms of depression, mood, and vitality among adolescent girls.

 

ABSTRAK

Masa remaja adalah tahap transisi dari perkembangan kesehatan fisik dan mental yang dapat memicu depresi. Remaja putri menunjukkan risiko depresi lebih tinggi dibandingkan remaja pria. Konsumsi buah diketahui mampu memperbaiki kondisi depresi. Oleh karena itu, penelitian kami bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian buah terhadap gejala depresi, suasana hati (mood), dan vitalitas remaja putri. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan kuantitatif–eksperimen dengan kelompok kontrol. Kelompok perlakuan diberikan buah segar sebanyak 2 porsi/hari selama 14 hari sedangkan kelompok kontrol mempertahankan pola makan. Pengisian kuesioner dilakuakan di malam hari sebelum tidur. Total sampel yang digunakan pada penelitian ini sebanyak 60 remaja putri. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perbaikan signifikan gejala depresi sebesar 14,47 persen pada kelompok perlakuan (p-value < 0,05). Namun tidak ada perbedaan pada skor susana hati (mood) pada kelompok perlakuan. Terjadi peningkatan skor  vitalitas yang signifikan pada kelompok perlakuan (p-value < 0,05). Berdasarkan independen sample t-test, terdapat perbedaan skor gejala depresi (p-value < 0,01) dan suasana hati (mood) (p-value < 0,05) pada kedua kelompok. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah pemberian buah mampu memperbaiki gejala depresi, suasana hati (mood) dan vitalitas pada remaja putri.

Kata kunci: buah, gejala depresi, suasana hati (mood), vitalitas, remaja putri

Keywords

fruit; symptoms of depression; mood, vitality; adolescent girls

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