KERAGAMAN MAKANAN DAN HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN STATUS GIZI BALITA: ANALISIS SURVEI KONSUMSI MAKANAN INDIVIDU (SKMI)

Nur Handayani Utami, Rofingatul Mubasyiroh
| Abstract views: 246 | views: 175

Abstract

Food consumption is one of the vital things that can determine the nutritional status of children. One indicator of the dietary quality of children is dietary diversity. This analysis was carried out to analyze dietary diversity and its relationship to the nutritional status of under-five children in Indonesia. The analysis was carried out on the data of the Individual Food Consumption Survey (IFCS). A total of 5,395 children were sampled in this analysis. Food consumption was collected through 24hr recall. The dependent variable in this analysis is the nutritional status of children (weight for age). The main independent variable is dietary diversity. The results of the analysis show that the types of food consumed most by children under five in Indonesia are cereals, roots, and tubers while the types of food groups that are the least consumed are fruits and nuts. The results of the analysis also show that the higher the age, mother's education and the economic level, the more diverse the consumption of food. The diversity of consumption is also higher for children in urban areas. The results of the analysis show that the diversity of food consumed by infants is related to nutritional status. Less diverse consumption mainly increases the risk of children experiencing severe underweight, even though this relationship is weak. Conversely, less diverse consumption reduces the risk of overweight.

Keywords

dietary diversity; nutritional status; under-five children

Full Text:

PDF

References

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Pedoman Gizi Seimbang. Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 41. 2014. 1–96 p.

Amugsi DA, Mittelmark MB, Oduro A. Association between maternal and child dietary diversity: An analysis of the Ghana Demographic and Health Survey. PLoS One. 2015;10(8):1–12.

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. Laporan Riset Kesehatan Dasar. Jakarta: Lembaga Penerbit Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan; 2013.

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. Riset Kesehatan Nasional Studi Diet Total 2014. Jakarta; 2014.

de Onis M, Onyango A, Borghi E, Siyam A, Pinol A. . WHO Child Growth Standards. World Health Organization. Geneva, Switzerland; 2006.

WHO. Indicators for Assessing Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices. World Heal Organ [Internet]. 2010;1–19. Available from: http://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&btnG=Search&q=intitle:Indicators+for+assessing+infant+and+young+child+feeding+practices#0

Ocampo-Guirindola ML, Garcia-Malabad CJ, Valdeabella-Maniego MLM, Punzalan SLM. Association between dietary diversity score and nutritional status of Filipino children aged 6-23 months. Philipp J Sci. 2016;145(1):57–69.

Aemro M, Mesele M, Birhanu Z, Atenafu A, Aemro M, Mesele M, et al. Dietary Diversity and Meal Frequency Practices among Infant and Young Children Aged 6-23 Months in Ethiopia: A Secondary Analysis of Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey 2011. Nutr Metab. 2013;2013, 2013:e782931. Available from: http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jnme/2013/782931/abs/, http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jnme/2013/782931/abs/%5Cnhttp://downloads.hindawi.com/journals/jnme/2013/782931.pdf%5Cnhttp://www.hindawi.com/journals/jnme/2013/782931/%5Cnhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/

Chaparro C, Oot L, Sethuraman K. Overview of the Nutrition Situation in Seven Countries in Southeast Asia [Internet]. Fanta 111, Usaid. 2014. Available from: https://www.fantaproject.org/sites/default/files/download/Southeast-Asia-Nutrition-Overview-Apr2014.pdf

Hailemariam T, Girmany T, Girmany G. Determinants Of Individual Dietary Diversity Score Of Children Less Than Five Years Old In The Southern Zone Of Tigray, Ethiopia. Afr. J. Food Agric. Nutr. Dev. 2018; 18(1): 13034-13051 crossref

Ogechi UP, Chilezie OV. Assessment of Dietary Diversity Score, Nutritional Status and Socio-demographic Characteristics of Under-5 Children in Some Rural Areas of Imo State, Nigeria. Mal J Nutr. 2017, 23(3): 425 - 435

Agize A, Jara D, Dejenu G. Level of Knowledge and Practice of Mothers on Minimum Dietary Diversity Practices and Associated Factors for 6–23-Month-Old Children in Adea Woreda, Oromia, Ethiopia. BioMed Research International. 2017,crossref

Moursi MM, Arimond M, Dewey KG., Treche S, Ruel MT, Delpeuch F. Community and International Nutrition. 2008, p. 2448-2453. crossref

Kennedy G, Ballard T, Dop M. Guidelines for Measuring Household and Individual Dietary Diversity. 2013.

World Health Organization ( WHO). Preparation and use of foodbased dietary guidelines. 1996. Switzerland: Geneva.

Black RE, Allen LH, Bhutta ZA, Caulfield LE, de Onis M, Ezzatti M et al. Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences. The Lancet. 2008, vol. 371, no. 9608, pp. 243–260

Lutter C. Meeting the challenge to improve complementary feeding and strengthening action to feeding. SCN News. 2003, vol. 27, pp. 4–9

Black RE, Morris SS, and Bryce J. Where and why are 10 million children dying every year?. Lancet. 2003; 361 (9376): 2226–2234.

Mahmudiono T, Sumarmi S, Rosenkranz RR. Household dietary diversity and child stunting in East Java, Indonesia. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2017;26(2):317–25.

Gatahun EA, Abyu DM. Dietary diversity feeding practice and determinants among children aged 6-23 months in Kemba Woreda, southern Ethiopia implication for public health intervention. J Nutr Food Sci [Internet]. 2015;5(Special issue 13):S13-003. Available from: http://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/dietary-diversity-feeding-practice-and-determinants-among-children-aged-623-months-in-kemba-woreda-southern-ethiopia-implication-for-public-health-intervention-2155-9600-S13-003.php?aid=57399

Rakotonirainy NH, Razafindratovo VA, Remonja CR, Rasoloarijona R, Piola P, Raharintsoa C, Randremanana RV. Dietary diversity of 6- to 59-month-old children in rural areas of Moramanga and Morondava districts, Madagascar. PLOS ONE. 2018; 13(7): 2-14. crossref

Roesler Anna L, Smithers LG, Wangpakapattanawong P, Moore V. Stunting, dietary diversity and household food insecurity among children under 5 years in ethnic communities of northern Thailand. Journal of Public Health. 2018; 41(4): 772-780. crossref

Frempong RB, Annim SK. Dietary diversity and child malnutrition in Ghana. Heliyon [Internet]. 2017;3(5):e00298. crossref

McDonald CM, McLean J, Kroeun H, Talukder A, Lynd LD, Green TJ. Household food insecurity and dietary diversity as correlates of maternal and child undernutrition in rural Cambodia. Eur J Clin Nutr [Internet]. 2015;69(2):242–6. crossref

Zhang J, Shi L, Wang J, Wang Y. An infant and child feeding index is associated with child nutritional status in rural China. Early Hum Dev [Internet]. 2009;85(4):247–52. crossref

Rah JH, Akhter N, Semba RD, Pee S de, Bloem MW, Campbell AA, et al. Low dietary diversity is a predictor of child stunting in rural Bangladesh. Eur J Clin Nutr [Internet]. 2010;64(12):1393–8. Available from: http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/ejcn.2010.171

Hooshmand S, Marhamati F. High dietary diversity is associated with child obesity in Iranian school children : An evaluation of dietary diversity score . J Nutr Hum Heal. 2018;2(1):2–7.

Jayawardena R, Byrne NM, Soares MJ, Katulanda P. High dietary diversity is associated with obesity in Sri Lankan adults : an evaluation of three dietary scores. BMC Public Health. 2013;13(April).

Torheim LE, Ouattara F, Diarra MM, Thiam FD, Barikmo I, Hatl A, et al. Nutrient adequacy and dietary diversity in rural Mali : association and determinants. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004;58:594–604.

Raynor HA, Epstein LH. Dietary Variety , Energy Regulation , and Obesity. Psychol Bull. 2001;127(3):325–41.

Popkin BM. The Nutrition Transition in Low-Income Countries : An Emerging Crisis. Nutr Rev. 1994;52(9):285–98.

Copyright (c) 2020 GIZI INDONESIA
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.